Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What causes acne?

Acne can be caused by various factors, namely: hormones, genetics, cosmetics, skincare ingredients, diets, pollution and stress. All of these factors disturb skin’s composistion and cellular process, leading to production of excessive sebum, bacteria proliferation and clogged pores.

What is the cause of breaking out?

Breaking out can be caused by accumulated dead skin cells, sweat, misuse of skincare / cosmetics, and excess sebum.

What are the acne treatments in YB Clinic?

• Envy Facial
• SPECTRA Gold Toning
Pro Yellow Laser
• Photodynamic Therapy (HeLight)
Chemical Peel

What treatments function to reduce comedones and shrink pores?

• Facials
SPECTRA Hollywood Peel
Chemical Peel

What is the cause of melasma?

Melasma is caused by overproduction of melanin (skin pigment). This can be triggered by several factors, such as hormone fluctuation during pregnancy, UV rays, genetic and contraceptive pill.

How to reduce the appearance of pigmentation?

Due to various types of pigmentation, YB Clinic recommends patient to have a consultation with our doctors in order to perform skin analysis and to get the right diagnosis. From there, doctors will give the approriate treatment plan suitable for the patient’s condition. For example, patient must use sunscreen everyday, received topical cream (for certain cases) or recommended to do laser treatments (certain cases).


Pigment Inhibitors are ingredients that can suppress or prevent melanin production within skin.
Popular ingredients in skincare that are known to be pigment inhibitors are:
• Azelaic Acid
• Retinoids (vitamin A)
• Niacinamide (vitamin B3)
• Ascorbic Acid (vitamin C)
• Glutathione
• Tranexamic Acid
• Kojic Acid

Hydroquinone is one of the pigment inhibitor that is known as the ‘gold standard’ for melasma and ephelides treatment. However, the use of Hydroquinone without doing a consultation with doctor could cause skin irritation. Therefore, patients must do a consultation with doctor so that the doctor can perform skin analysis and the right prescription dose of hydroquinone. In spite of that, there is another alternative called Cysteamine which has similar beneficial effect like hydroquinone. Patients are recommended to consult with doctors prior its use.

What treatments that can help in improving the appearance of pigmentation?

(Melasma/ Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation/Uneven skin tone)
• Envy Facial
SPECTRA Hollywood Laser Peel
Pico Plus laser
Pro Yellow laser

How to control oily skin?

Use foaming facial cleanser
• Exfoliate (2x a week) : to reduce accumulated dead skin cells and to unclog pores
• Use light-weight moisturizser
• Use skincare that contains:
1. Niacinamide (Vitamin B3)
2. Mandelic Acid / Lactic Acid (AHAs)
3. Salicylic Acid (BHA)
4. Zinc PCA
5. Gluconolactone

How to reduce the appearance of acne scars or other type of scars?

There are different types of scars including atrophic (ice-pick/rolling/box scars) and hypertrophic.
Treaments that are suitable to reduce its appearance are:
1. Pico Plus laser
2. Baby Glow Dermablate laser
3. Vampire Rejuvenation PRP
4. TCA Peel (for ice-pick scar)

Does ultherapy hurts?

Depends on each patient’s pain tolerance, the pain is usually rated around 3-6 out of 10. However, the pain is bearable.

What is the difference between Ultherapy and Thermage FLX?

The differences are its technology and the main function of these two devices.

Ultherapy uses ultrasound technology or Microfocused Ultrasound with Visualization (MFU-V) which delivers selective heat energy to the skin layer, without affecting the skin surface. The main target of Ultherapy is collagen within the SMAS layer (superficial musculoaponeuortic system), area of facial muscles that are connected to the dermis (skin) layer. In the world of Face Lift surgery, SMAS is the main target that will be manipulated to achieve the “lift”. With Ultherapy, collagen will be heated up to 60-70 degrees Celsius. This is the optimal temperature in stimulating the production of new collagen in SMAS so that the face lift can be achieved. However, skin tightening can also be achieved due to the stimulation of new collagen.

On the other hand, Thermage FLX uses radiofrequency technology (RF) energy that is emitted to skin surface until the dermis layer to tighten facial skin, body areas and eyes. This is achieved due to the conversion of RF energy into heat energy, resulting in the formation of new collagen. Despite that these devices rely on heat energy, the depth that Thermage FLX can achieve is shallower than Ultherapy. Therefore, Thermage FLX works better for skin tightening to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines on the skin surface. The analogy, Thermage FLX is like an iron that smoothens out wrinkles on clothes.

What are the treatments for facial redness? (Rosacea, Telangiectasia)